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Adv Biomed Res 2013,  2:64

ENT bleeding and leech bite

Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok-10160, Thailand

Date of Web Publication6-Mar-2013

Correspondence Address:
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok-10160
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2277-9175.115818

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How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit V. ENT bleeding and leech bite. Adv Biomed Res 2013;2:64

How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit V. ENT bleeding and leech bite. Adv Biomed Res [serial online] 2013 [cited 2023 Sep 25];2:64. Available from:


The recent report on otorrhagia bleeding due to leech bite is very interesting. [1] Askari et al. concluded that "Leech infestation is a rare cause of otorrhagia and should be suspected in the endemic region in all of unusual bleeding; it can be diagnosed and treated by exact inspection and removal." [1] Indeed, the leech infestation in the Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) tract is sporadically seen in remote area of tropical countries. The root cause is usually due to the drinking of contaminated water. In Thailand, there are sporadically cases of ENT bleeding due to leech infestations, but the cases are usually not scientifically reported (some cases in the local document have the long history of infestations, more than three months: Thai Rath, 2012-11-04). Based on Thai experience, the intranasal leech infestation is usually seen in rural ethnic patients. Most cases were children and had the history of diving in the stream in the forest. [2],[3] The chief complaint of the indexed cases included nasal congestion and occasional epistaxis. [3] Removal using alligator forceps and a rigid endoscope is the main therapeutic method. [2],[3] In addition to the intranasal leech infestation, the other reports from Thailand on leech bit are usually in female genitourinary tract. [4],[5] The important consideration is the good history-taking and physical examination to determine the infestation.

  References Top

1.Askari N, Eshaghian A. Otorrhagia bleeding due to leech bite. Adv Biomed Res 2012;1:15.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.Trishnananda M. Leech. Thai Med Council Bull 1976;5:217-20.  Back to cited text no. 2
3.Fooanant S, Puntasri W, Manorot M, Niwasabutra S. A leech in the nasal cavity: Case report. Chiang Mai Med Bull 2006;45:27-30.  Back to cited text no. 3
4.Kochakarn W, Pummanagura W. Foreign bodies in the female urinary bladder: 20-year experience in Ramathibodi Hospital. Asian J Surg 2008;31:130-3.  Back to cited text no. 4
5.Aribarg A, Phupong V. Vaginal bleeding in young children. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2003;34:208-12.  Back to cited text no. 5


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