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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 100

The effect of COVID-19 pandemic on the characteristics of pediatric supracondylar fracture: A retrospective cohort study


1 Physiotherapy Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; Clinical Research Development Unit, Akhtar Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Foreign Languages, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
3 Clinical Research Development Unit, Akhtar Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Skin Reserch Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Morteza Gholipour
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/abr.abr_49_21

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Background: Environmental factors play a key role in the occurrence of pediatric supracondylar humerus (SH) fracture which has been widely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures taken to curb its spread. In this study, we aim to investigate the ultimate impact coronavirus pandemic has had on SH fractures in children. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study compares SH fractures which occurred during the pandemic with their prepandemic counterpart in a pediatric trauma public hospital. Patient's data, submitted from February to July 2020 and 2019, were collected and divided into two groups based on fractures' time of occurrence, i.e., during or before the pandemic. Results: There was no significant difference in terms of gender, type of fracture, injury location, and time of admission during a day between the aforementioned groups. However, in the pandemic group, patients were transferred to the operating room significantly quicker (odds ratio; 2.13 vs. 0.607, P = 0.01) and the surgery duration was shorter (40.17 ± 12.28 min vs. 49.11 ± 15.48 min, P = 0.011). It was found that the location of injury (home, school, etc.) varied between the two groups (P = 0.01) and the proportion of domestic injuries during the pandemic grew significantly (53.6% vs. 19.8%). Conclusion: Although the incidence of pediatric SH fractures has decreased due to the closure of schools and sports clubs during the pandemic, domestic occurrence of the same fracture type has grown disproportionately. To prevent this trend, pediatric centers should educate parents on child safety measures and fracture risks during the lockdown.


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