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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 137

Characteristics of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in a major referral center in Shiraz, Iran

1 Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Research Center for Clinical Virology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Bacteriology and Virology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Microbiology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Afagh Moattari
Zand Street, Imam Hossein Square, Shiraz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/abr.abr_399_21

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Background: Several countries, including Iran, have been affected by the novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic since December 2019. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive report on COVID-19 patients in Shiraz, Southern Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was performed on 311 hospitalized patients with COVID-19. The data on demographic, clinical, and paraclinical features were analyzed. Results: The median age of the patients was 58 years, with 42.1% of the patients being above 60 years of age. Upon admission, fever was detected in 28.2% of critically ill patients. At least one underlying disease or risk factor was also present in 75.6% of the patients. Shortness of breath was the most common clinical symptom (66.2%), dry cough (53.7%), and muscle pain (40.5%) was the second and third. Sneezing (0.3%), rhinorrhea (0.7%), and sore throat (3.09%) were observed only in non-critically ill patients. In addition, 26.9% of all patients had lymphocytopenia, 25.8% had raised C-reactive protein, and 79.9% had abnormal creatinine levels. Finally, death occurred in 39 patients (12.5%). Conclusions: Noncritically ill patients were younger than critically ill patients. The most common risk factors for getting critically ill were surgery, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic heart disease, asthma, and chronic renal disease.

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