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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 204

The effect of lower limb position on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction on uncommon complications after surgery

1 Sport Medicine and Knee Research Center, Milad Hospital, Tehran, Iran
2 Clinical Research Development Unit of Akhtar Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
3 Skin Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Morteza Gholipour
Clinical Research Development Unit of Akhtar Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/abr.abr_34_22

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Background: To reduce the complications of orthopedic surgery, the desire for less invasive procedures, such as, knee arthroscopy to repair the anterior cruciate ligament, has increased. There are, currently, two common positions for limbs that are used during surgery depending on the surgeon's experience. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of limb position on complications after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery. Materials and Methods: From April 2016 to July 2020 at our orthopedic-sports trauma center, 688 patients between the ages of 18 and 50 with anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent reconstruction surgery with a hamstring graft. Patients were divided into two groups in terms of limb position at the time of surgery. For three months, patients were evaluated for surgical complications, basic demographic information, and information during surgery. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of demographic information, side of injury, preparation time, tourniquet time, operation time, and duration of hospitalization. At quarterly follow-up, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of postoperative complications (P = 0.976). Conclusions: There is no difference between compartment syndrome and deep vein thrombosis in different situations, therefore, the surgeon should operate in any position he is skilled in. Also, surgeons should always pay special attention to these complications and provide necessary training to patients in order to prevent them.

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