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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 213

Effect of Shields in Radiation Dose and Secondary Biological Risk of Gonads in Lumbosacral Digital and Computerized Radiography

1 Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University of (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Khansari Hospital, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Bagher Tavakoli
Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/abr.abr_187_21

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Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of shields in imposed radiation dose to gonads in anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral views of lumbosacral radiography using digital radiography (DR) and computerized radiography (CR) methods. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients who were suspected to AP and lateral view of lumbosacral radiography were included in this study. The patients were exposed with and without shields which have 0.25 mm thickness. This study also compared the imposed dose to gonads for one and two plates of shields with none shields situation. Measurement of the radiation dose was performed using thermo luminescence dosimeters on the surface of the gonads. Furthermore, the absolute and excess relative risk (ERR) of biological abnormalities was estimated in the above-mentioned method using the BEIR VII model. Results: The mean dose of the DR method (10.14 ± 0.27) for the AP view was significantly lower than CR (32.43 ± 0.17) with and without shields. In addition, the imposed dose to gonads in the lateral view of DR (6.41 ± 0.47) was lower compared to CR (9.38 ± 0.14). Furthermore, the mean imposed dose to gonads for one and two pate shields of DR was lower than CR. Moreover, the excess relative risk to gonads in the AP for DR was lower compared to CR in all mentioned situations. Conclusion: Lumbosacral radiography is suggested to be performed by DR systems, due to the lower imposed dose and ERR to the gonads. Moreover, using shields may lead to decrease of scatter rays and also ERR of the gonads.

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