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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 221

Transitional Epidemiology of Human Papillomavirus Infection in Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study and National Review

1 Department of Gynecology and Oncology, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Virology, Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences; Cancer Molecular Pathology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Department of Gynecology and Oncology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezarjarib Street, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Leila Mousavi Seresht
Department of Gynecology and Oncology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezarjarib Street, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/abr.abr_396_21

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Background: The high prevalence of cervical cancer in developing countries, despite its preventive nature, makes the disease a principal matter of concern for scientific studies. Providing global availability of primary and secondary preventive methods based on the high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the well-known pathogenesis in most malignant cervical lesions, has become the World Health Organization's (WHO's) critical target for 2030. Considering the demographic diversity and manufacturing of the internal vaccine in Iran, there is need for more study on the cost-effectiveness of these strategies. Materials and Methods: This study intends to assess female HPV prevalence at the time in Iran provinces, especially in the capital province, Khorasan Razavi, in the north to establish a scientific rationale for conducting further studies on arguments for and against national HPV prevention strategies in line with the WHO. In this population-based study, the HPV prevalence was evaluated in 900 cervical samples accumulated between 2012 and 2015. The data were later compared with recently published data in the same province, in the north of Iran. Result: Based on the results of our cross-sectional study, the estimated prevalence of HPV infection in the northern female population was 4.1% in 2015 and significantly increased to 35% in 2021. Conclusion: The hypothesis of the impact of behavioral and cultural changes in addition to population aging on general health indicates the need for national health promotion strategies. Additionally, it emphasizes the critical significance of conducting further investigational studies to obtain the actual and updated prevalence of HPV in Iran.

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